Common Causes Of Gum Pain

Tooth pain can make your day unbearable, but gum pain can be equally aggravating. Although it's not quite as commonly discussed as a toothache, people can experience pain around their gums for a variety of different reasons.


Gingivitis is a common form of gum disease that is often the result of poor oral hygiene, such as failing to brush and floss regularly. As this condition progresses, it causes the gingiva to swell, which is the part of the gum closest to the tooth. Over time, the swelling increases, which causes the area to become tender and to bleed. Untreated gingivitis will lead to further discomfort and tooth loss. Fortunately, the condition is reversible in its early stages by implementing an appropriate oral hygiene regimen. 

Vitamin D Deficiency

Vitamin D is an important nutrient that promotes the absorption of healthy levels of calcium and boosts the body's ability to fight infections. People with cases of vitamin D deficiency are more at risk of tooth decay because of the lack of calcium they can absorb as well as at an increased risk for infections, including those that target the gum. Periodontitis is an infection that typically follows gingivitis and causes similar discomfort. So, if you don't have good oral hygiene practices and a vitamin D deficiency, you could have a combination of issues causing your pain.  

Hormonal Imbalance

The female body goes through several changes, and most of them cause some sort of hormonal change. From girls growing through puberty to a woman nearing menopause, the hormonal changes can cause changes to the gums. Some of the changes include dryness, swelling, and bleeding. While sore gums related to this issue aren't generally a cause for panic or a sign of oral health issues, it's still a good idea to have a dentist examine your mouth. 

Rough Brushing or Flossing

You can save the elbow grease for your tubs and floors. When it comes to cleaning your mouth, teeth, and gums, gentle is the approach you should always take. If you notice that your gums are the sorest after brushing, you might need to invest in a toothbrush with softer bristles or invest in a brush for sensitive gums. In terms of flossing, you can invest in a water flosser for a gentler, yet equally effective, approach. 

As always, it's important to speak with a dental professional whenever you experience discomfort. Contact dental services that can properly diagnose the problem and help you get the treatment you need.